While there are hundreds of varieties of red wine, there are only 32 available in the international market. Ranging from light to full bodies, there are several factors that distinguish each wine from the next.
First off, let’s look at where the boldness comes in. The level is determined by the tannin level as well as high alcohol content. You are also able to tell the wine’s position in spectrum through it’s fruit characteristics. For example, wines with red fruit flavors (such as strawberry, cranberry, cherry, and raspberry) tend to be lighter. Whereas, wines with black fruit flavors (such as plum, blueberry, and blackberry) tend to be fuller.
Climate is another factor that helps define the wine. For instance, bold varieties tend to grow in warmer climates such as California, Argentina, Southern France, and Southern Italy. The varieties include Syrah, Malbec, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Merlot. If the bolder varieties prefer warmth, then the lighter varieties tend to thrive in cooler climates, such as Oregon, Washington, and Northern Italy. These varieties include Pinot Noir, St. Laurent, and Nebbiolo.
While most people tend to focus more on light or full-bodied wines, there are medium-bodied wines on the spectrum. These can include Cabernet Franc, Sangiovese, and Zinfandel.
No matter where you land on the spectrum, each sip of wine is a new experience full of life!